Xinghang Zhang

Profile Information
Name
Professor Xinghang Zhang
Institution
Purdue University
Position
Professor
Affiliation
School of Materials Engineering
h-Index
52
ORCID
0000-0002-8380-8667
Biography

Xinghang Zhang obtained his Ph.D. from North Carolina State University in 2001. After postdoctoral experience at Los Alamos National Laboratory, he joined Texas A&M University as an assistant professor in 2005 and was promoted to full professor in 2015. He joined Purdue University as a professor in 2016. Zhang?s team excels at radiation damage and mechanical behavior of nanocrystalline, nanotwinned, and nanolayered metals. He has published more than 200 journal articles with more than 7,000 citations. He has delivered numerous invited talks internationally. Among more than 20 of his Ph.D. students so far, 4 have become professors at university and many others are at US national laboratories. He was the Chair of the Chemistry and Physics of Materials Committee at the TMS (Metals, Minerals and Materials Society). Zhang has received numerous research awards, including National Science Foundation?s Early Career award (2007), TEES Fellow award (2013), and College of Engineering Holleran-Bowman Faculty Fellow award (2014). TMS Brimacome award (2018). Zhang can be reached at xzhang98@purdue.edu.

Expertise
Austenitic, Characterization, coatings, helium embrittlement, In Situ Irradiations, Iron Based Alloy, IVEM, Martensite Steel, Microscopy, Thin Films
Publications:
"9R phase enabled superior radiation stability of nanotwinned Cu alloys via in situ radiation at elevated temperature" Cuncai Fan, Dongyue Xie, Jin Li, Zhongxia Shang, Youxing Chen, Sichuang Xue, Jian Wang, Meimei Li, Anter EL-AZAB, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Acta Materialia Vol. 167 2019 248-256 Link
"A review on the radiation response of nanoporous metallic materials" Xinghang Zhang, JOM Vol. 70 2018 2753-2764 Link
"An in situ study on Kr ion–irradiated crystalline Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates" Zhe Fan, Cuncai Fan, Jin Li, Zhongxia Shang, Sichuang Xue, Marquis Kirk, Meimei Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Journal of Materials Research Vol. 2019 1-11 Link
"Damage tolerant nanotwinned metals with nanovoids under radiation environments" Youxing Chen, Kaiyuan Yu, Lin Shao, Haiyan Wang, Mark KirK, Jian Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Nature Communications Vol. 6 2015 Link
"Defect evolution in heavy ion irradiated nanotwinned Cu with nanovoids" Cuncai Fan, Youxing Chen, Jin Li, Jie Ding, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Journal of Nuclear Materials Vol. 496 2017 293-300 Link
"Dual Beam In Situ Radiation Studies of Nanocrystalline Cu" Cuncai Fan, Zhongxia Shang, Tongjun Niu, Jin Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Materials Vol. 12 [unknown] 2721 Link
Nanocrystalline metals have shown enhanced radiation tolerance as grain boundaries serve as effective defect sinks for removing radiation-induced defects. However, the thermal and radiation stability of nanograins are of concerns since radiation may induce grain boundary migration and grain coarsening in nanocrystalline metals when the grain size falls in the range of several to tens of nanometers. In addition, prior in situ radiation studies on nanocrystalline metals have focused primarily on single heavy ion beam radiations, with little consideration of the helium effect on damage evolution. In this work, we utilized in situ single-beam (1 MeV Kr++) and dual-beam (1 MeV Kr++ and 12 keV He+) irradiations to investigate the influence of helium on the radiation response and grain coarsening in nanocrystalline Cu at 300 °C. The grain size, orientation, and individual grain boundary character were quantitatively examined before and after irradiations. Statistic results suggest that helium bubbles at grain boundaries and grain interiors may retard the grain coarsening. These findings provide new perspective on the radiation response of nanocrystalline metals.
"Enhanced radiation tolerance in immiscible Cu/Fe multilayers with coherent and incoherent layer interfaces" Youxing Chen, Engang Fu, Kaiyuan Yu, Miao Song, Yue Liu, Yongqiang Wang, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Journal of Materials Research Vol. 30 2015 1300 Link
"Grain refinement mechanisms and strength-hardness correlation of ultra-fine grained grade 91 steel processed by equal channel angular extrusion" Miao Song, Cheng Sun, Youxing Chen, Zhongxia Shang, Jin Li, Zhe Fan, Karl Hartwig, Xinghang Zhang, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping Vol. 172 [unknown] 212-219 Link
"In situ Evidence of Defect Cluster Absorption by Grain Boundaries in Kr Ion Irradiated Nanocrystalline Ni" Kaiyuan Yu, Youxing Chen, Marquis Kirk, Haiyan Wang, Meimei Li, Xinghang Zhang, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A Vol. 44 2013 1966 Link
Significant microstructural damage, in the form of defect clusters, typically occurs in metals subjected to heavy ion irradiation. High angle grain boundaries (GBs) have long been postulated as sinks for defect clusters, like dislocation loops. Here, we provide direct evidence, via in situ Kr ion irradiation within a transmission electron microscope, that high angle GBs in nanocrystalline (NC) Ni, with an average grain size of ~55 nm, can effectively absorb irradiation-induced dislocation loops and segments. These high angle GBs significantly reduce the density and size of irradiation-induced defect clusters in NC Ni compared to their bulk counterparts, and thus NC Ni achieves significant enhancement of irradiation tolerance.
"In situ heavy ion irradiation studies of nanopore shrinkage and enhanced radiation tolerance of nanoporous Au" Jin Li, Cuncai Fan, Jie Ding, Sichuang Xue, Youxing Chen, Qiang Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Scientific Reports Vol. 7 2017 Link
"In situ Observation of Defect Annihilation in Kr Ion-Irradiated Bulk Fe/Amorphous-Fe2 Zr Nanocomposite Alloy" Kaiyuan Yu, Zhe Fan, Youxing Chen, Miao Song, Yue Liu, Haiyan Wang, Mark Kirk, Meimei Li, Xinghang Zhang, Materials Research Letters Vol. 3 2014 35 Link
"In situ studies of irradiation induced twin boundary migration in nanotwinned Ag" Kaiyuan Yu, Haiyan Wang, Mark Kirk, Xinghang Zhang, Scripta Materialia Vol. 69 2013 385 Link
"In situ studies of Kr ion irradiation response of Fe/Y2O3 nanolayers" Youxing Chen, Liang Jiao, Cheng Sun, Miao Song, Kaiyuan Yu, Yue Liu, Meimei Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Journal of Nuclear Materials Vol. 452 2014 321 Link
"In situ studies on irradiation resistance of nanoporous Au through temperature-jump tests" Jin Li, Cuncai Fan, Qiang Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Acta Materialia Vol. 143 2017 30-42 Link
"In situ studies on radiation tolerance of nanotwinned Cu" Youxing Chen, Jin Li, Kaiyuan Yu, Haiyan Wang, Meimei Li, Xinghang Zhang, Acta Materialia Vol. 111 2016 148 Link
"In Situ Studies on Twin-Thickness-Dependent Distribution of Defect Clusters in Heavy Ion-Irradiated Nanotwinned Ag" Jin Li, Youxing Chen, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A Vol. 48 2017 1466 Link
"In situ Study of Defect Migration Kinetics and Self-Healing of Twin Boundaries in Heavy Ion Irradiated Nanotwinned Metals" Jin Li, Kaiyuan Yu, Youxing Chen, Miao Song, Haiyan Wang, Mark Kirk, Meimei Li, Xinghang Zhang, Nano Letters Vol. 15 2015 2922 Link
"In situ study of defect migration kinetics in nanoporous Ag with enhanced radiation tolerance" Cheng Sun, Youxing Chen, Yongqiang Wang, Meimei Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Scientific Report Vol. 4 2014 Link
"In situ study on enhanced heavy ion irradiation tolerance of porous Mg" Jin Li, Youxing Chen, Xinghang Zhang, Haiyan Wang, Scripta Materialia Vol. 144 2018 13-17 Link
"In situ study on surface roughening in radiation-resistant Ag nanowires" Jin Li, Zhongxia Shang, Cuncai Fan, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Nanotechnology Vol. 29 2018 215708 Link
Metallic materials subjected to heavy ion irradiation experience significant radiation damage. Free surface is a type of effective defect sinks to improve the radiation resistance in metallic materials. However, the radiation resistance of metallic nanowires (NWs) is largely unknown. Here we show, via in situ Kr ion irradiations in a transmission electron microscope, Ag NWs exhibited much better radiation resistance than coarse-grained Ag. Irradiation-induced prominent surface roughening in Ag NWs provides direct evidence for interaction between defect clusters and free surface. Diameter dependent variation of the surface roughness in irradiated Ag NWs has also been observed. This study provides insight on mechanisms of enhanced radiation resistance via free surfaces in metallic NWs.
"In situ study on surface roughening in radiation-resistant Ag nanowires" Zhongxia Shang, Jin Li, Cuncai Fan, Youxing Chen, Qiang Li, Haiyan Wang, Tongde Shen, Xinghang Zhang, Nanotechnology Vol. 29 [unknown] 215708 Link
"Influence of injected interstitials on the void swelling in two structural variants of 304L stainless steel induced by self-ion irradiation at 500 °C" Cheng Sun, Frank Garner, Lin Shao, Xinghang Zhang, Stuart Maloy, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms Vol. 409 2017 323-327 Link
"Measurement of heavy ion irradiation induced in-plane strain in patterned face-centered-cubic metal films: an in situ study" Kaiyuan Yu, Youxing Chen, Jin Li, Yue Liu, Haiyan Wang, Meimei Li, Xinghang Zhang, Nano Letters Vol. 16 2016 7481–7489 Link
"Radiation damage in nanostructured materials" Xinghang Zhang, Khalid Hattar, Youxing Chen, Lin Shao, Jin Li, Cheng Sun, Kaiyuan Yu, Nan Li, Mitra Taheri, Haiyan Wang, Progress in Materials Science Vol. 96 2018 217-321 Link
"Radiation Enhanced Absorption of Frank Loops by Nanovoids in Cu" Youxing Chen, Xinghang Zhang, Jian Wang, JOM Vol. 68 2016 235 Link
"Radiation induced detwinning in nanotwinned Cu" Youxing Chen, Haiyan Wang, Meimei Li, Jian Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Scripta Materialia Vol. 130 2017 37-41 Link
"Radiation induced nanovoid shrinkage in Cu at room temperature: An in situ study" Xinghang Zhang, Scripta Materialia Vol. 166 2019 112-116 Link
"Radiation induced nanovoid shrinkage in Cu at room temperature: An in situ study" Cuncai Fan, Annadanam Sreekar, Zhongxia Shang, Jin Li, Meimei Li, Haiyan Wang, Anter EL-AZAB, Xinghang Zhang, Scripta Materialia Vol. 166 [unknown] 112-116 Link
"Removal of stacking-fault tetrahedra by twin boundaries in nanotwinned metals" Kaiyuan Yu, Cheng Sun, Yue Liu, Haiyan Wang, Mark Kirk, Meimei Li, Xinghang Zhang, Nature Communications Vol. 4 2013 Link
"Resilient ZnO nanowires in an irradiation enviroment: an in situ study" Cheng Sun, Jin Li, Youxing Chen, Mark Kirk, Meimei Li, Stuart Maloy, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Acta Materialia Vol. 95 2015 156 Link
"Superior radiation-resistant nanoengineered austenitic 304L stainless steel for applications in extreme radiation environments" Cheng Sun, Lin Shao, Steven Zinkle, Todd Allen, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Scientific Reports Vol. 5 2015 Link
"Superior twin stability and radiation resistance of nanotwinned Ag solid solution alloy" Xinghang Zhang, Jin Li, Cuncai Fan, Youxing Chen, Dongyue Xie, Haiyan Wang, Acta Materialia Vol. 151 2018 395-405 Link
"Tailoring the strength and ductility of T91 steel by partial tempering treatment" Zhongxia Shang, Jie Ding, Cuncai Fan, Miao Song, Jin Li, Qiang Li, Sichuang Xue, Karl Hartwig, Xinghang Zhang, Acta Materialia Vol. 169 [unknown] 209-224 Link
"Ultrastrong nanocrystalline steel with exceptional thermal stability and radiation tolerance" Congcong Du, Shenbao Jin, Yuan Fang, Jin Li, Zhongxia Shang, Xinghang Zhang, Tongde Shen, Nature communications Vol. 9 [unknown] 5389 Link
"Ultrastrong nanocrystalline steel with exceptional thermal stability and radiation tolerance" Xinghang Zhang, Nature Communications Vol. 9 2018 5389 Link
Presentations:
"Radiation response of nanostructured austenitic stainless steels " Zhongxia Shang, Cuncai Fan, Jin Li, Tongde Shen, Yinmin Morris Wang, Marquis Kirk, Meimei Li, Haiyan Wang, Xinghang Zhang, 2019 ANS & TMS MiNES meeting October 7-10, (2019)