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University of Idaho
"High Temperature Tensile Properties and Related Microstructural Evolution in Grade 92 Steel" SULTAN ALSAGABI, Indrajit Charit, Somayeh Pasebani, Mechanical and Creep Behavior of Advanced Materials, Part of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Series (MMMS) Vol. 2017 229-242 Link
Ferritic-martensitic steels with good high temperature mechanical properties have many promising applications in fossil and nuclear power plants. In this work, a F92 steel was tensile tested from room to elevated temperatures (up to 700 °C). This material exhibited higher strength than traditional P92 steels. The reasons for the observed changes in mechanical properties were investigated by studying the microstructural characteristics in undeformed and deformed specimens using transmission electron microscopy. The microstructural evolution accelerated significantly under loading as temperature increased. For instance, the deformed microstructure at 600 °C showed early stages of M23C6 precipitate formation under loading. The M23C6 precipitates exhibited more coarsening tendency whereas the MX-type precipitates retained their size. As coarsening of M23C6 precipitates progressed at elevated temperatures, the strength gradually decreased as the solid solution strengthening deteriorated by removing W and Mo from the solid solution matrix.
"Lanthana-bearing nanostructured ferritic steels via spark plasma sintering" SULTAN ALSAGABI, Darryl Butt, Indrajit Charit, James Cole, Somayeh Pasebani, Yaqiao Wu, Jatuporn Burns, Kerry Allahar, Journal of Nuclear Materials Vol. 470 2016 297-306 Link
A lanthana-containing nanostructured ferritic steel (NFS) was processed via mechanical alloying (MA) of Fe-14Cr-1Ti-0.3Mo-0.5La2O3 (wt.%) and consolidated via spark plasma sintering (SPS). In order to study the consolidation behavior via SPS, sintering temperature and dwell time were correlated with microstructure, density, microhardness and shear yield strength of the sintered specimens. A bimodal grain size distribution including both micron-sized and nano-sized grains was observed in the microstructure of specimens sintered at 850, 950 and1050 °C for 45 min. Significant densification occurred at temperatures greater than 950 °C with a relative density higher than 98%. A variety of nanoparticles, some enriched in Fe and Cr oxides and copious nanoparticles smaller than 10 nm with faceted morphology and enriched in La and Ti oxides were observed. After SPS at 950 °C, the number density of Cr–Ti–La–O-enriched nanoclusters with an average radius of 1.5 nm was estimated to be 1.2 × 1024 m−3. The La + Ti:O ratio was close to 1 after SPS at 950 and 1050 °C; however, the number density of nanoclusters decreased at 1050 °C. With SPS above 950 °C, the density improved but the microhardness and shear yield strength decreased due to partial coarsening of the grains and nanoparticles.
"Microstructural stability of a self-ion irradiated lanthana-bearing nanostructured ferritic steel" SULTAN ALSAGABI, Darryl Butt, Indrajit Charit, James Cole, Somayeh Pasebani, Lin Shao, Jatuporn Burns, Lloyd Price, Journal of Nuclear Materials Vol. 462 2015 191-204 Link
Thermally stable nanofeatures with high number density are expected to impart excellent high temperature strength and irradiation stability in nanostructured ferritic steels (NFSs) which have potential applications in advanced nuclear reactors. A lanthana-bearing NFS (14LMT) developed via mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering was used in this study. The sintered samples were irradiated by Fe2+ ions to 10, 50 and 100 dpa at 30 °C and 500 °C. Microstructural and mechanical characteristics of the irradiated samples were studied using different microscopy techniques and nanoindentation, respectively. Overall morphology and number density of the nanofeatures remained unchanged after irradiation. Average radius of nanofeatures in the irradiated sample (100 dpa at 500 °C) was slightly reduced. A notable level of irradiation hardening and enhanced dislocation activity occurred after ion irradiation except at 30 °C and ⩾50 dpa. Other microstructural features like grain boundaries and high density of dislocations also provided defect sinks to assist in defect removal.
"The Irradiation Performance and Microstructural Evolution in 9Cr-2W Steel Under Ion Irradiation" SULTAN ALSAGABI, Indrajit Charit, Somayeh Pasebani, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance Vol. 25 2016 401-408 Link
Grade 92 steel (9Cr-2W) is a ferritic-martensitic steel with good mechanical and thermal properties. It is being considered for structural applications in Generation IV reactors. Still, the irradiation performance of this alloy needs more investigation as a result of the limited available data. The irradiation performance investigation of Grade 92 steel would contribute to the understanding of engineering aspects including feasibility of application, economy, and maintenance. In this study, Grade 92 steel was irradiated by iron ion beam to 10, 50, and 100 dpa at 30 and 500 °C. In general, the samples exhibited good radiation damage resistance at these testing parameters. The radiation-induced hardening was higher at 30 °C with higher dislocation density; however, the dislocation density was less pronounced at higher temperature. Moreover, the irradiated samples at 30 °C had defect clusters and their density increased at higher doses. On the other hand, dislocation loops were found in the irradiated sample at 50 dpa and 500 °C. Further, the irradiated samples did not show any bubble or void.